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OUGD404 // What Is A Line // Hat Research

I decided to research further into the hats that i will be working with collaging. I wanted the hats to be iconic and well known in the UK, so this is why i went with these hats. This basic research on the history of the hats will help me out greatly when it comes to putting the information alongside the collages in the publications to help get my message across....

Top Hat

top hatbeaver hathigh hatsilk hatcylinder hatchimney pot hat or stove pipe hat[1] (sometimes also known by the nickname "topper") is a tall, flat-crowned, broad-brimmed hat, predominantly worn from the latter part of the 18th to the middle of the 20th century. Now, it is usually worn only with morning dress or white tie, in dressage, as servants' or doormen's livery, or as a fashion statement. The top hat is sometimes associated with the upper class, becoming a target for satirists and social critics. It was particularly used as a symbol of capitalism in cartoons in socialist and communist media, long after the headgear had been abandoned by those satirized. It was a part of the dress of Uncle Sam and used as a symbol of US monopoly power. By the end of World War I, it had become a rarity, though it continued to be worn daily for formal wear, such as in London at various positions in the Bank of England and City stockbroking, or boys at some public schools.
The top hat persisted in politics and international diplomacy for many years, including U.S. presidential inaugurations, last being used in 1961. Top hats are still associated with stage magic, both in traditional costume and especially the use of hat tricks.


he fez (Turkishfes, plural fezzes or fezes), or tarboosh (Arabicطربوش‎ / Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [tˤɑɾˤˈbuːʃ]ALA-LCṭarbūsh), is a felt hat either in the shape of a truncated cone or of a short cylinder, made of kilim fabric, red in colour, usually with a tassel attached to the top. The fez is largely believed to be of Moroccan origin and later spread to the Ottoman Empire where it was popularized.

Pork Pie Hat

pork pie hat (a.k.a. porkpie) is a type of hat made of felt or straw. It is a type of fedora which has a cylindrical crown and flat top. This style of crown is called a "telescopic crown", but the hat overall resembles the boater hat. It is short (usually 3" to 4" in height) and has an indentation all the way around its top, allowing it to pop upward slightly when worn. Furthermore, as stated in a newspaper clipping from the mid-1930's: "The true pork pie hat is so made that it cannot be worn successfully except when telescoped." The same clipping refers to the hat also as "the bi crowned".
The pork pie hat originated in the mid-19th century. The porkpie is named for its resemblance to the pork pie dish.[3] According to the American fashion reporting of the 1930's, the smooth dark brown felt was the original popular model, but the "fuzzier" green model came in close second.
The pork pie hat was a staple of the British man-about-town style for many years. It was commonly worn by American Civil War soldiers and the US Army (unofficially) throughout the 1880s. Pork pie hats are often associated with jazzblues and ska musicians and fans.Charles Mingus wrote an elegy for jazz saxophone great Lester Young called "Goodbye Pork Pie Hat", since Young was noted for his ever-present broad-brimmed porkpie.
In Jamaica, the hat was popularized by the 1960s "rude boy" subculture, which traveled to the United Kingdom, influencing both the modand skinhead subcultures.

5. Snap Back Cap

Snapback hats first started off as the official headwear of ball players, dating back to the Babe Ruth era in the 1950's. They have since grown to become a favourite with many other sports fans such as Nascar, Ice Hockey, Basketball and Football.
The style of these hats are recognizeable due to the bill at the front that is designed to keep the sun out of your eyes and was based on the original 'Brooklyn' style cap of the 1900's. These, however, had a small bill at the front and were not adjustable.
Up to 1954, baseball players would wear their own choice of headgear but this soon changed and fitted 'baseball caps' became part of the uniform. This design of these hats was referred to as the 59fifty and remains the official cap of US ball players and every team has them in their own teams colors.
By the 1980's many other sports began to offer similar style hats as part of their official apparel and although they are not usually part of the teams uniform they are commonly worn by sports people as part of merchandising contracts and many teams will release limited edition versions upon winning championships. You will see fans of the NFLNBAMLBNHL and Nascar wearing them all over the world.
These hats are also worn by many celebrities, rappers and politicians and although there has been many different variations over the years but its main attraction is still thanks to its comfort and practicality - they bill at the front is designed to keep the sun out of your eyes and the adjustable tabs on the back means it will stay on your head even if its windy. These tabs will let you change the width of the base so it will fit on your head meaning they are usually a one size fits all solution.

Bicycle Cap

Casquette is French for "cap". In cycling jargon, it is used to refer to the traditional peaked cotton cap worn by racing cyclists.
With the introduction of compulsory cycle helmets for massed-start racing, casquettes have become less common, but most professional race outfits still have them produced in team colours for wearing on the winner's podium, for wearing under a helmet in heavy rain or for sale to the tifosi. They have also become popular as fashion items in some American cities, often with non-cycling-related designs.[1]
The casquette shields the head from strong sun and the peak can also make riding in the rain more comfortable, since drops do not fall directly into the eyes. They are sometimes worn with the peak backwards, not for reasons of fashion but because the peak then protects the neck from sunburn.
A traditional way to keep the head cool when cycling in hot conditions was to put a cabbage leaf under the casquette.
The name was also used by Royal Enfield motorcycles to describe their version of the nacelle designed by Edward Turner for Triumph motorcycles. The casquette is still used on the 2009 Royal Enfield Bullet model.

Flat Cap

flat capDai cap or Ivy cap is a rounded men's or women's cap with a small stiff brim in front. Cloths used to make the cap includeoriginal wooltweed (most common), and cotton. Less common materials may include leather. Cord flat caps are also worn in various colours. The inside of the cap is usually lined with silk for comfort and warmth.

he style can be traced back to the 14th century in Northern England namely Grimsby and parts of Southern Italy, when it was more likely to be called a "bonnet", which term was replaced, except in Scotland, by "cap" before about 1700.[1] When Irish and English immigrants came to the United States, they brought the flat cap with them.

12. Straw Hat

straw hat is a brimmed hat that is woven out of straw or reeds. The hat is designed to protect the head from the sun and againstheatstroke, but straw hats were also used in fashion and as a decorative element of a uniform.

Straw hats have been worn consistently in Europe and Asia in the Summer since antiquity, and arguably are the least-changed form of headgear, since many medieval examples would draw no special attention if worn today. Many are to be seen in the famous calendar miniatures of the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, worn by all classes, mostly by men.

14. Trilby

trilby hat (commonly called a trilby) is a type of fedora. The trilby was once viewed as the rich man's favored hat; it is sometimes called the "brown trilby" in England and is much seen at the horse races. It is also sometimes described as a "crumpled" fedora. The London hat company Lock and Co. describes the trilby as having a "shorter [viz., narrower] brim which is angled down [snapped down] at the front and slightly turned up at the back" versus the fedora's "wider brim which is more level [flatter]." The trilby also has a slightly shorter crown than a typical fedora design.
The hat's name derives from the stage adaptation of George du Maurier's 1894 novel Trilby; a hat of this style was worn in the first London production of the play, and promptly came to be called "a Trilby hat".
Traditionally it is made from rabbit hair felt, but is usually made from other materials, such as tweedstrawwool and wool/nylon blends. The hat reached its zenith of common popularity in the 1960s; the lower head clearance in American automobiles made it impractical to wear a hat with a tall crown while driving. It faded from popularity in the 1970s when any type of men's headwear became obsolete, and men's fashion instead began focusing on highly maintained hairstyles.

I'm going to be collaging some image up into my designs so i want to keep it quite classy. I'll probably be working with old black and white images for the majority of the work.

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